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2021/01/05

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On March 1, 2021, the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of the Yangtze River" will be officially implemented.

In the past five years, ecology has been given priority, and the restoration of the Yangtze River's ecological environment has been placed in an overwhelming position. This has become the consensus of the cadres and masses of the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River and has taken action.

Boats and nets were cleared, catches were banned, and the biological integrity index continued to rise; shorelines were evacuated, pollution control, and ecological functions of the river basin continued to be restored... The provinces and cities along the Yangtze River have promoted ecological environment remediation efforts, scale, and impact , Unprecedented, the ecological environment protection of the Yangtze River Economic Belt has undergone a turning change.

A river of clear water is rolling eastward.

   Pollution control, from one domain to the whole

On December 23, 2020, the sky was slightly brighter, and Shen Laigen, a shrimp farmer in Sidu Village, Xiazhuhu Street, Deqing County, Zhejiang Province, started the day's fishing. In just 3 hours, the green prawns just out of the water can appear in ordinary houses in Shanghai lanes.

Entering the Shanghai market, Deqing green prawns rely on quality. Shen Laigen has learned many lessons since he has cultivated shrimp for 23 years. In the past, the tail water of aquaculture was directly discharged into the river for a long time, which affected the water quality, resulting in the decline of the quality of the green prawns and the low efficiency of breeding.

Since 2017, Deqing has fought a tough battle for the treatment of tail water from fishery and aquaculture. It has invested a total of 200 million yuan in treatment funds, built 1,533 treatment sites, completed treatment areas of 185,000 mu, and implemented retired 7,000 mu.

"The tail water from fish farming now has to pass through sedimentation tanks, aeration tanks, purification tanks and constructed wetlands. The purified tail water can reach Class III water standards." said Ma Jirong, deputy director of the Deqing County Agriculture and Rural Bureau.

In recent years, the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River have made the rectification of outstanding problems in the ecological environment the top priority of their work, keeping a close eye on the list of problems and vigorously promoting rectification. In early 2020, Chongqing took the lead among the 11 provinces and cities along the Yangtze River Economic Belt to announce the "three lines and one order", that is, the "red line for ecological protection, the bottom line for environmental quality, the online resource utilization, and the formulation of an ecological environment access list." Pengze County, Jiangxi Province, through the strict implementation of the joint review and approval of project settlements, from the source, the industrial policy, environmental protection access and safety "one-vote veto" barriers are well established, and no new chemical projects are settled within one kilometer along the river. In Luzhou City, Sichuan Province, it is strictly forbidden to build a heavy chemical industry park within one kilometer along the Tuojiang River of the Yangtze River, and strictly control new petrochemical, paper, printing and dyeing projects. As of September 2020, Luzhou has completed the renovation and renovation of 550 ships’ domestic garbage, domestic sewage and oily wastewater collection and treatment facilities, and completed the construction of 14 port terminals and 3 shipyards for ship pollutant reception facilities, its own environmental protection facilities and shore power facilities. Transformation. Guizhou Province banned 33,500 mu of cage aquaculture and invested 1.793 billion yuan in subsidies. The province's entire river basin has zero cages, the entire river basin is banned from feeding bait, and the pollution of cage culture has been solved.

According to data from the Ministry of Ecology and Environment: In November 2020, the overall water quality of the main rivers in the Yangtze River Basin was excellent. Among the 59 sections monitored on the main stream, the water quality of Type I sections accounted for 10.2%, Type II sections accounted for 84.7%, and Type III sections accounted for 5.1%. For water quality sections of Grade IV and below, the effectiveness of the treatment of water pollution in the Yangtze River is beginning to show.

   repair, from crowding to vacating

Although it has been nearly half a year since he "washed his feet and landed ashore", Yang Jie would still visit the fishing boat dock every few days and habitually calculate the fishing situation of the day.

Yang Jie is a fisherman in Qianping Village, Xiaoxita Street, Yiling District, Yichang City, Hubei Province. On July 30, 2020, as the fishing boat was recovered and disposed of, Yang Jie, who had caught fish for more than 20 years, said goodbye to his villagers. They are the last group of fishermen to retreat in Yichang City.

"I grew up on a fishing boat, and I felt reluctant, but I know that the Yangtze River ban is a good thing for the country and the people." Yang Jie said that in recent years, the harvest has become less and less. "The sooner the shore, the better."

In order to restore the fishery resources of the Yangtze River, the Yangtze River Basin Aquatic Life Reserve has implemented a comprehensive ban on fishing from January 1, 2020. At 0:00 on January 1, 2021, the 10-year ban on fishing in key waters of the Yangtze River Basin was fully launched.

As of early September 2020, the recovery and disposal rate of fishing boats withdrawn from fishing in key waters is close to 95%, and the proportion of fishing boats withdrawn from fishing has reached 60% and 50%, respectively.

At the same time, special crackdowns and daily supervision have continued to increase. In 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration of Market Supervision and other departments will carry out special rectification operations against illegal fishing in the Yangtze River Basin and special operations against market sales of illegally caught fish in the Yangtze River Basin. In the waters of the Yangtze River estuary, law enforcement forces from multiple departments carried out special enforcement actions against illegal fishing in the waters of the Yangtze River estuary, and achieved remarkable results. Many places in the Yangtze River Basin have established a long-term monitoring mechanism of “equal attention to land and water”.

Once, the Yangtze River biological integrity index reached the worst "no fish" level. Today, the aquatic resources of the Yangtze River are gradually recovering.

The Bulletin of Aquatic Biological Resources and Habitats in the Yangtze River Basin (2019) recently released shows that the estimated number of Chinese sturgeon breeding populations in the Yichang River section under Gezhou Dam is 16; Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake have monitored 252 finless porpoises in the Yangtze River during the dry season. 1049 times; 37 species of endemic fishes were investigated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River from Panzhihua to Chongqing. A total of 3.76 billion economic aquatic animals and 7.95 million rare and endemic aquatic animals were released in the Yangtze River Basin.

The problems of arbitrary occupation and abuse of the Yangtze River coastline and ports, occupying but not using, occupying more and less using, and extensive utilization were once prominent. In the past five years, the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River have stepped up their efforts to retreat and make efforts to restore the clear waters and green banks of the Yangtze River. The occupation of the Yangtze River coastline has been effectively curbed.

Not long ago, the Haoding Logistics Wharf in Wanzhou District, Chongqing City was ordered to rectify within a time limit due to over-occupying the shoreline of the terminal and occupying the storage capacity of the Three Gorges Reservoir, retreating 80 meters of the Yangtze River shoreline and vacating the reservoir with approximately 24,800 cubic meters of storage capacity. Chongqing has done the “subtraction” of shoreline improvement and the “addition” of ecological restoration. As of the end of July 2020, the cumulative length of the shoreline was nearly 17 kilometers, and 195,000 square meters of river management have been restored.

According to statistics, as of now, 2,441 of the 2,441 shoreline utilization projects on the Yangtze River that are suspected of violations of laws and regulations have been cleaned up and rectified, and the rectification rate was 99%. Through clean-up and remediation, a total of 158 kilometers of the Yangtze River coastline were retreated, 2.34 million square meters of illegal and illegal buildings within the river management area were demolished, 9.56 million cubic meters of spoiled soil and slag were removed, and 12.13 million square meters of beachfront greening were completed.

On the east bank of the Yangtze River in Ma'anshan City, Anhui Province, the former illegal docks, scattered polluting enterprises, livestock and poultry farms, and solid waste storage yards disappeared and turned into "urban ecological living rooms". At the beginning of 2017, the Binjiang area of ​​Nantong City, Jiangsu Province fully launched the ecological restoration and protection project. It was devastated in the past, but now it is fresh and beautiful.

  Guardian, from passive to active

No travel is allowed within the red line! With regard to such measures, Mu Benheng gradually understood the party branch secretary of Junliang Village, Lashi Town, Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province. Villagers fill lakes to build homestays, docks and moorings within the core area of ​​ecological protection, which has seriously affected the habitat and foraging of wintering birds. "With such disorderly development, Lashihai has been used for a few years. The sea is not beautiful, and the birds do not come. Will there be tourists?" Kimoto Heng said. Only by protecting the ecology can there be development. This is indeed the case. Rationale.

At present, 68 “two violations” points along the coast of Lashi have been rectified. 93,000 square meters of illegal buildings have been demolished in the core area and seasonal core area, and people have retreated into the area. A sewage interception project around the lake has been built along the coast, and sewage no longer flows into the city. City sea. The waterbirds on the tidal flat can finally play freely.

Not only in Junliang Village, from passive acceptance to active action, the broad cadres and masses of the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River continue to deepen their understanding and actively participate in the ecological environment protection of the Yangtze River.

In Lushan City, Jiangxi Province, Huang Songyun has received fines from the environmental protection department since he took over Wansheng Stone Industry Company in 2001. "The untreated mud is mixed with granite powder, discharged into Changhong River and other river ports, then flows into Poyang Lake, and finally into the Yangtze River."

In 2017, Lushan City, named by the Central Environmental Protection Supervision Group, learned from the painful experience of rectifying and upgrading the stone industry, encouraging qualified companies to move into the new park with complete environmental protection facilities, and integrating 433 stone processing points into 31 companies. Although the environmental protection equipment needs to invest more than 4 million yuan, which accounts for about 1/8 of the total investment of the enterprise, Huang Songgong took the lead in responding, "First, pollution control is the general trend, and second, it can protect the Yangtze River. This money is well spent!"

There are nearly 120,000 inland freight ships in the Yangtze River system, and hundreds of thousands of crew members work and live on the river all year round, which will produce a lot of pollutants. As the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River accelerate the construction of port pollutant receiving and transshipment facilities, discharge and zero discharge are gradually being realized after the treatment reaches the standard. "In the past, ships docked using diesel generators, which caused great noise and polluted the environment. Now they use shore power, which is convenient for environmental protection and saves money!" In Yueyang City, Hunan Province, Deng Deming, the captain of Xiangyun Ship No. 10, was deeply impressed. "We are sailing on the river. Tighten this string at all times and never let the rubbish on board enter the river."

The concerted efforts to protect the ecological environment of the Yangtze River are constantly converging.

Related Reading

In 5 years, this big river has a new look

On March 1, 2021, the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of the Yangtze River" will be officially implemented.

In the past five years, ecology has been given priority, and the restoration of the Yangtze River's ecological environment has been placed in an overwhelming position. This has become the consensus of the cadres and masses of the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River and has taken action.

Boats and nets were cleared, catches were banned, and the biological integrity index continued to rise; shorelines were evacuated, pollution control, and ecological functions of the river basin continued to be restored... The provinces and cities along the Yangtze River have promoted ecological environment remediation efforts, scale, and impact , Unprecedented, the ecological environment protection of the Yangtze River Economic Belt has undergone a turning change.

A river of clear water is rolling eastward.

   Pollution control, from one domain to the whole

On December 23, 2020, the sky was slightly brighter, and Shen Laigen, a shrimp farmer in Sidu Village, Xiazhuhu Street, Deqing County, Zhejiang Province, started the day's fishing. In just 3 hours, the green prawns just out of the water can appear in ordinary houses in Shanghai lanes.

Entering the Shanghai market, Deqing green prawns rely on quality. Shen Laigen has learned many lessons since he has cultivated shrimp for 23 years. In the past, the tail water of aquaculture was directly discharged into the river for a long time, which affected the water quality, resulting in the decline of the quality of the green prawns and the low efficiency of breeding.

Since 2017, Deqing has fought a tough battle for the treatment of tail water from fishery and aquaculture. It has invested a total of 200 million yuan in treatment funds, built 1,533 treatment sites, completed treatment areas of 185,000 mu, and implemented retired 7,000 mu.

"The tail water from fish farming now has to pass through sedimentation tanks, aeration tanks, purification tanks and constructed wetlands. The purified tail water can reach Class III water standards." said Ma Jirong, deputy director of the Deqing County Agriculture and Rural Bureau.

In recent years, the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River have made the rectification of outstanding problems in the ecological environment the top priority of their work, keeping a close eye on the list of problems and vigorously promoting rectification. In early 2020, Chongqing took the lead among the 11 provinces and cities along the Yangtze River Economic Belt to announce the "three lines and one order", that is, the "red line for ecological protection, the bottom line for environmental quality, the online resource utilization, and the formulation of an ecological environment access list." Pengze County, Jiangxi Province, through the strict implementation of the joint review and approval of project settlements, from the source, the industrial policy, environmental protection access and safety "one-vote veto" barriers are well established, and no new chemical projects are settled within one kilometer along the river. In Luzhou City, Sichuan Province, it is strictly forbidden to build a heavy chemical industry park within one kilometer along the Tuojiang River of the Yangtze River, and strictly control new petrochemical, paper, printing and dyeing projects. As of September 2020, Luzhou has completed the renovation and renovation of 550 ships’ domestic garbage, domestic sewage and oily wastewater collection and treatment facilities, and completed the construction of 14 port terminals and 3 shipyards for ship pollutant reception facilities, its own environmental protection facilities and shore power facilities. Transformation. Guizhou Province banned 33,500 mu of cage aquaculture and invested 1.793 billion yuan in subsidies. The province's entire river basin has zero cages, the entire river basin is banned from feeding bait, and the pollution of cage culture has been solved.

According to data from the Ministry of Ecology and Environment: In November 2020, the overall water quality of the main rivers in the Yangtze River Basin was excellent. Among the 59 sections monitored on the main stream, the water quality of Type I sections accounted for 10.2%, Type II sections accounted for 84.7%, and Type III sections accounted for 5.1%. For water quality sections of Grade IV and below, the effectiveness of the treatment of water pollution in the Yangtze River is beginning to show.

   repair, from crowding to vacating

Although it has been nearly half a year since he "washed his feet and landed ashore", Yang Jie would still visit the fishing boat dock every few days and habitually calculate the fishing situation of the day.

Yang Jie is a fisherman in Qianping Village, Xiaoxita Street, Yiling District, Yichang City, Hubei Province. On July 30, 2020, as the fishing boat was recovered and disposed of, Yang Jie, who had caught fish for more than 20 years, said goodbye to his villagers. They are the last group of fishermen to retreat in Yichang City.

"I grew up on a fishing boat, and I felt reluctant, but I know that the Yangtze River ban is a good thing for the country and the people." Yang Jie said that in recent years, the harvest has become less and less. "The sooner the shore, the better."

In order to restore the fishery resources of the Yangtze River, the Yangtze River Basin Aquatic Life Reserve has implemented a comprehensive ban on fishing from January 1, 2020. At 0:00 on January 1, 2021, the 10-year ban on fishing in key waters of the Yangtze River Basin was fully launched.

As of early September 2020, the recovery and disposal rate of fishing boats withdrawn from fishing in key waters is close to 95%, and the proportion of fishing boats withdrawn from fishing has reached 60% and 50%, respectively.

At the same time, special crackdowns and daily supervision have continued to increase. In 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration of Market Supervision and other departments will carry out special rectification operations against illegal fishing in the Yangtze River Basin and special operations against market sales of illegally caught fish in the Yangtze River Basin. In the waters of the Yangtze River estuary, law enforcement forces from multiple departments carried out special enforcement actions against illegal fishing in the waters of the Yangtze River estuary, and achieved remarkable results. Many places in the Yangtze River Basin have established a long-term monitoring mechanism of “equal attention to land and water”.

Once, the Yangtze River biological integrity index reached the worst "no fish" level. Today, the aquatic resources of the Yangtze River are gradually recovering.

The Bulletin of Aquatic Biological Resources and Habitats in the Yangtze River Basin (2019) recently released shows that the estimated number of Chinese sturgeon breeding populations in the Yichang River section under Gezhou Dam is 16; Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake have monitored 252 finless porpoises in the Yangtze River during the dry season. 1049 times; 37 species of endemic fishes were investigated in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River from Panzhihua to Chongqing. A total of 3.76 billion economic aquatic animals and 7.95 million rare and endemic aquatic animals were released in the Yangtze River Basin.

The problems of arbitrary occupation and abuse of the Yangtze River coastline and ports, occupying but not using, occupying more and less using, and extensive utilization were once prominent. In the past five years, the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River have stepped up their efforts to retreat and make efforts to restore the clear waters and green banks of the Yangtze River. The occupation of the Yangtze River coastline has been effectively curbed.

Not long ago, the Haoding Logistics Wharf in Wanzhou District, Chongqing City was ordered to rectify within a time limit due to over-occupying the shoreline of the terminal and occupying the storage capacity of the Three Gorges Reservoir, retreating 80 meters of the Yangtze River shoreline and vacating the reservoir with approximately 24,800 cubic meters of storage capacity. Chongqing has done the “subtraction” of shoreline improvement and the “addition” of ecological restoration. As of the end of July 2020, the cumulative length of the shoreline was nearly 17 kilometers, and 195,000 square meters of river management have been restored.

According to statistics, as of now, 2,441 of the 2,441 shoreline utilization projects on the Yangtze River that are suspected of violations of laws and regulations have been cleaned up and rectified, and the rectification rate was 99%. Through clean-up and remediation, a total of 158 kilometers of the Yangtze River coastline were retreated, 2.34 million square meters of illegal and illegal buildings within the river management area were demolished, 9.56 million cubic meters of spoiled soil and slag were removed, and 12.13 million square meters of beachfront greening were completed.

On the east bank of the Yangtze River in Ma'anshan City, Anhui Province, the former illegal docks, scattered polluting enterprises, livestock and poultry farms, and solid waste storage yards disappeared and turned into "urban ecological living rooms". At the beginning of 2017, the Binjiang area of ​​Nantong City, Jiangsu Province fully launched the ecological restoration and protection project. It was devastated in the past, but now it is fresh and beautiful.

  Guardian, from passive to active

No travel is allowed within the red line! With regard to such measures, Mu Benheng gradually understood the party branch secretary of Junliang Village, Lashi Town, Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province. Villagers fill lakes to build homestays, docks and moorings within the core area of ​​ecological protection, which has seriously affected the habitat and foraging of wintering birds. "With such disorderly development, Lashihai has been used for a few years. The sea is not beautiful, and the birds do not come. Will there be tourists?" Kimoto Heng said. Only by protecting the ecology can there be development. This is indeed the case. Rationale.

At present, 68 “two violations” points along the coast of Lashi have been rectified. 93,000 square meters of illegal buildings have been demolished in the core area and seasonal core area, and people have retreated into the area. A sewage interception project around the lake has been built along the coast, and sewage no longer flows into the city. City sea. The waterbirds on the tidal flat can finally play freely.

Not only in Junliang Village, from passive acceptance to active action, the broad cadres and masses of the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River continue to deepen their understanding and actively participate in the ecological environment protection of the Yangtze River.

In Lushan City, Jiangxi Province, Huang Songyun has received fines from the environmental protection department since he took over Wansheng Stone Industry Company in 2001. "The untreated mud is mixed with granite powder, discharged into Changhong River and other river ports, then flows into Poyang Lake, and finally into the Yangtze River."

In 2017, Lushan City, named by the Central Environmental Protection Supervision Group, learned from the painful experience of rectifying and upgrading the stone industry, encouraging qualified companies to move into the new park with complete environmental protection facilities, and integrating 433 stone processing points into 31 companies. Although the environmental protection equipment needs to invest more than 4 million yuan, which accounts for about 1/8 of the total investment of the enterprise, Huang Songgong took the lead in responding, "First, pollution control is the general trend, and second, it can protect the Yangtze River. This money is well spent!"

There are nearly 120,000 inland freight ships in the Yangtze River system, and hundreds of thousands of crew members work and live on the river all year round, which will produce a lot of pollutants. As the provinces and cities along the Yangtze River accelerate the construction of port pollutant receiving and transshipment facilities, discharge and zero discharge are gradually being realized after the treatment reaches the standard. "In the past, ships docked using diesel generators, which caused great noise and polluted the environment. Now they use shore power, which is convenient for environmental protection and saves money!" In Yueyang City, Hunan Province, Deng Deming, the captain of Xiangyun Ship No. 10, was deeply impressed. "We are sailing on the river. Tighten this string at all times and never let the rubbish on board enter the river."

The concerted efforts to protect the ecological environment of the Yangtze River are constantly converging.

Related Reading

In 5 years, this big river has a new look

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